AZ specific examples of using and choosing verb tenses

 

 

 

Remember: when multiple verbs are used in a sentence, ALL verbs are either present/future (only above the blue line on the AZ Study Guide) OR past tense (below the blue line on the AZ Study Guide). NEVER mix a present/future tense verb with a past tense verb (i.e. NEVER "mix" tenses by crossing above or below the horizontal blue line).

Below are specific examples of how the horizontal blue line helps students choose the correct verb tense.




Present and Future Tenses <------------------------------use with ---------------------> Present Subjunctive Tenses

Present Indic. of preferir (1st pers. sing.): prefiero --- and --- Present Subj. of venir (2nd per. sing.): vengas


Yo prefiero que tú vengas a la fiesta.
(I prefer that you come to the party.)

Future Tense of expect (3rd per. sing.): esperará and Present Subj. of trabajar (3rd per. plural): trabajemos


Él esperará que ellos trabajen rápido.
(He will expect that they work quickly.)

Imperative (present subj.) (2nd per. fam.): haz and
Present Subj. of llegar (3rd per. sing.): llegue
Haz galletas así que ella llegue
(Make the cookies as soon as she arrives.)


Past Tenses <-----------------------------------------------use with -----------------------> Past Subjunctive Tenses

Imperfect tense of pensar (1st per.): no pensaba ---------and ----------Pluperfect of montar (3rd per. sing.): hubiera montado

Ayer, yo no pensaba que Mónica hubiera montado en bicicleta.
(Yesterday, I didn't think that Monica had ridden the bicycle)



Conditional Perfect of decir (1st per.): habría dicho ---and---------- Imperfect Subj. of montar (3rd per. sing.): montara


Yo le habría dicho a Susan que montara en bicicleta.

(I would have told Susan to ride a bicycle)


The Verb Tense side also includes:



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